What are Stem Cells?
Stem cells are the construction workers of our body’s repair system. They can change into any healthy cell in our body. Stem Cells have the ability to find damaged tissue and replace or repair it. Stem cells are located throughout our body in almost every organ and tissue – such as bone marrow, fat, teeth, and muscles. However, just like every other cell in our body, stem cells also age. This is where Stem Cell therapy becomes useful.
Conditions that have the ability to be treated with Stem Cell Therapy
- Sacroiliac joint pain
- Osteoarthritis of the joints including hip, knee, ankle and shoulder joints
- Chronic partial rotator cuff tears
- Spinal facet pain
- Muscular tears
- Chronic partial tendon tears like tennis elbow, plantar fasciitis, quadriceps, and patellar tendon tears
- Cartilage tears in the knee
- Discogenic back pain
- Pinched nerve
Capabilities of Stem Cells
Stem cells travel to sites of injury by cell signals that attract them. Once they reach where they need to go, they dock and start repairing the injury/disease by releasing cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors that signal your immune system to start injury repair.
The Use of Stem Cells in Orthopedics
Cartilage and Joint Function Improvement
In the area of joint injury and degeneration, mesenchymal (MSC) stem cells are being used to improve the function of joints. There are greater than 20 clinical studies or case studies in the peer-reviewed scientific literature, all demonstrating that stem cells may regenerate tissue, improve function, reduce pain, and improve the quality of life for those suffering from orthopedic problems.
Stem cell therapies have shown to be highly successful in the treatment of bone fractures. One review reports injections of stem cells achieving 75% union over 14 weeks in one case, and 88% union over four months in another in patients with non-union bone fractures.
Stem Cells Use in Arthritis
- Safety and Complications Reporting on the Re-implantation of Culture-Expanded Mesenchymal Stem Cells using Autologous Platelet Lysate Technique
- Articular cartilage regeneration with autologous peripheral blood stem cells versus hyaluronic acid: a randomized controlled trial
- Increased knee cartilage volume in degenerative joint disease using percutaneously implanted, autologous mesenchymal stem cells
- Partial regeneration of the human hip via autologous bone marrow nucleated cell transfer: A case study